Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a simple technique where washed sperm is deposited into uterine cavity around the time of ovulation. IUI is less expansive (one IUI cycle costs $3,000) than IVF treatment, which makes it a much more attractive options for many couples. Of course, other factors such as cause of infertility and woman's age should be taken into account.Your fertility doctor can help you determine if IUI is the right treatment for you.
Women should consider IUI if they have open fallopian tubes and a normal uterine cavity. IUI is good treatment option in mild cases of male factor infertility. For severe male infertility, IVF treatment is recommended. IUI treatment is also appropriate if woman has a hostile cervical environment or mild endometriosis. Doctors often recommend IUI when they cannot determine the reason a couple is infertile.
Why IUI works:
- More that one egg is retrieved therefore increasing the chance of getting pregnant
- Sperm are directly placed in the uterine cavity thereby reducing the destruction of sperm by the vaginal acidity and cervical hostility
- It reduces the distance the sperm have to travel to meet the egg in the fallopian tube
Advantages compared to IVF Disadvantages compared to IVF
- less expansive - Fertilization not confirmed
- Less invasive procedure - Lower Success rates
- Takes less time - Does not work if tubes are not open
- Risk of ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome
- Risk of multiple pregnancies