Decreased Fertility Factors

A variety of factors can contribute to decreased fertility. Some of the contributing factors are quite common, while others are fairly rare. Endometriosis, blood-clotting disorders, hormone imbalances ,fibroids, ovarian cysts, and other physical issues can all impact a woman's fertility. So can age: even in the healthiest women the natural process of aging diminishes both the quantity and quality of a woman's eggs and increases risk of miscarriage. Sperm disorders, obstructive problems (such as blockages in sperm-carrying tubes) and testicular injury or disease can all decrease a man's fertility. So can environmental toxins and radiation, genetic disorders, scarring due to infections, and chronic diseases like diabetes, hypertension and heart disease. Decreased fertility can also be a side effect of certain medications. Female infertility results when one or more factors lead to a problem in the reproductive system, such as: the ovaries not producing eggs or producing eggs with some type of chromosomal abnormalities; an issue with the eggs moving from the ovary to the uterus; something that interferes with the fertilized egg attaching to the uterine lining; or issues that prevent the embryo from surviving once it has attached. The biggest factors contributing to female infertility include:

  • Effects of Aging
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
  • Diminished Ovarian Reserve
  • High FSH or Premature Ovarian Failure (POF)

Male infertility results when there are problems with the sperm or its delivery. These can be issues such as decreased sperm count, poor quality sperm or obstructive blockages preventing the sperm from being released properly. The biggest factors contributing to male infertility are:

  • Low Sperm Count
  • Poor Quality Sperm
  • Obstructive Blockages
  • Varicose Veins in the Scrotum

Your lifestyle, health habits and stress levels matter, too, of course. Good nutrition, adequate sleep and exercise can all help protect your reproductive health - but sometimes that's just not enough. If you're having a hard time conceiving or simply want to be proactive once you've made the decision to start trying, consult a fertility doctor.